Tourism is one of the biggest industries in the world and every year millions of people will travel for some form of tourism. There are a lot of different types of tourism. The different types of tourism are based on the reason for travel and the activities which are planned while away from home.
One of the most common types of tourism is adventure tourism. As the name suggests, this type of tourism is for people who are seeking adventure and will generally involve outdoor activities. There are a lot of tourism companies that specialize in adventure tourism because of its popularity.
Adventure tourism generally requires the tourist to take some risks and have specific skills or training. Some of the common activities adventure tourists take part in include mountaineering, bungee jumping, skiing, rock climbing, and desert hiking. Adventure tourism requires trained guides in many cases and will need to be planned correctly for safety purposes.
Many people do not consider business tourism as a real type of tourism. In fact, the International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism do not class business tourism as a form of tourism. This is something that the World Tourism Organization disagrees on as they do class this as a type of tourism.
Regardless of the standing of these organizations, business tourism is a large area of tourism. As the name suggests, the tourist will travel to another city or country for business purposes. While there, they will also take part in some traditional tourist activities such as visiting certain attractions or getting a guided tour of the area.
Culinary tourism is all about trying food in different countries and cities. This is a type of tourism which has become popular over the years and includes certain sub-categories of tourism. These sub-categories include enotourism which is wine tourism. In this sub-category, tourists are focused on experiencing different wines and will generally travel to winery locations.
There are certain counties and cities which benefit from this type of tourism more than others. France, Italy, and Mexico are common destinations with this type of tourism. This is due to their distinct foods and the popularity of these foods.
Cultural tourism is the most common type of tourism and has been for centuries. This type of tourism involves visiting a location for a particular cultural reason. This could be to attend a festival that is only held in that area or to visit culturally significant attractions such as the Colosseum.
Cultural tourism will take place in urban and rural locations depending on the reason for the travel. There are a number of sub-categories of cultural tourism such as pop-culture tourism. This sub-category will involve traveling to areas that have appeared in pop culture such as movie or book locations.
Medical tourism involves the tourist traveling to another country to receive medical care or undergo a medical procedure. There are common treatments that medical tourists will undergo such as cosmetic surgery and treatment for genetic disorders. These tourists will travel to another location for the treatment for a number of reasons including costs and treatment restrictions in certain countries.
There are some medical tourists who travel to receive alternative treatments. These treatments might not be approved in their country or they are looking for a specific doctor or practitioner. There is a sub-category of medical tourism known as suicide tourism where people travel to countries where euthanasia is legal.
There are many different types of tourism and they are dependent on the activities the tourist partakes in. The most common will be cultural and adventure tourism.